An Arab Muslim dynasty that ruled Ifriqiya (present day Libya, Tunisia, and most of Algeria) and Sicily between 800 and 909, on behalf of the Abbasid caliph. The dynasty was founded by Ibrahim ibn al-Aghlab.

Their capital was at Qairawan in Tunisia. Though they were independent, they paid tribute to the Abbasids. Tunisia flourished under the Aghlabids. Their emirs built public works for the conservation and distribution of water to the towns. Their fleet was supreme in the central Mediterranean.