The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement (1919)

3 January 1919 


From The Arab Awakening, George Antonius, Capricorn Books Edition,1965. 


The Agreement was written in English; Faisal's stipulation was in Arabic and was inscribed in the space immediately following the last Article. 


His Royal Highness the Amir Faisal, representing and acting on behalf of the Arab Kingdom of Hejaz, and Dr. Chaim Weizmann, representing and acting on behalf of the Zionist Organization, mindful of the racial kinship and ancient bonds existing between the Arabs and the Jewish people, and realising that the surest means of working out the consummation of their national aspirations, is through the closest possible collaboration in the development of the Arab State and Palestine, and being desirous further of confirming the good understanding which exists between them, have agreed upon the following: 


Article I


The Arab State and Palestine in all their relations and undertakings shall be controlled by the most cordial goodwill and understanding and to this end Arab and Jewish duly accredited agents shall be established and maintained in the respective territories. 


Article II


Immediately following the completion of the deliberations of the Peace Conference, the definite boundaries between the Arab State and Palestine shall be determined by a Commission to be agreed upon by the parties hereto. 


Article III


In the establishment of the Constitution and Administration of Palestine all such measures shall be adopted as will afford the fullest guarantees for carrying into effect the British Government’s Declaration of the 2nd of November, 1917. 


Article IV


All necessary measures shall be taken to encourage and stimulate immigration of Jews into Palestine on a large scale, and as quickly as possible to settle Jewish immigrants upon the land through closer settlement and intensive cultivation of the soil. In taking such measures the Arab peasant and tenant farmers shall be protected in their rights and shall be assisted in forwarding their economic development. 


Article V


No regulation or law shall be made prohibiting or interfering in any way with the free exercise of religion; and further the free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall ever be required for the exercise of civil or political rights. 


Article VI


The Mohammedan Holy Places shall be under Mohammedan control. 


Article VII


The Zionist Organization proposes to send to Palestine a Commission of experts to make a survey of the economic possibilities of the country, and to report upon the best means for its development. The Zionist Organization will place the aforementioned Commission at the disposal of the Arab State for the purpose of a survey of the economic possibilities of the Arab State and to report upon the best means for its development. The Zionist Organization will use its best efforts to assist the Arab State in providing the means for developing the natural resources and economic possibilities thereof. 


Article VIII


The parties hereto agree to act in complete accord and harmony on all matters embraced herein before the Peace Congress. 


Article IX


Any matters of dispute which may arise between the contracting parties hall be referred to the British Government for arbitration. 


Given under our hand at London, England, the third day of January, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen. 


Reservation by the Amir Faisal


Provided  the Arabs obtain their independence as demanded in my Memorandum dated the  4th of  January, 1919, to the Foreign Office of the Government of Great Britain, I shall concur in the above articles. But if the slightest modification or departure were to be made [sc. In relation to the demands in the  Memorandum] I shall not then be bound by a single word of the present Agreement which shall be deemed void and of no account or validity, and I shall  not be answerable in any way whatsoever. 


(Signed) : Faisal Ibn Husain (in Arabic)


                   Chaim Weizmann